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ANTP Class
Families List  Genes List
Dlx Family
The Dlx or Dll gene family is named after the single Drosophila representative distalless (Dll). Amphioxus also has a single member (AmphiDll; Holland et al. 1996). In human, there are six Dlx genes arranged as three pairs, each linked to a Hox gene cluster: DLX1 and DLX2 are linked to HOXD, DLX3 and DLX4 are linked to HOXB, DLX5 and DLX6 are linked to HOXA. Phylogenetic analysis reveals that these descended from an ancestral linked pair of genes (thus DLX1, 4 and 6 form a robust clade, while DLX2, 5 and 3 form a clade in some analyses; Stock et al. 1996, Holland et al. 2007). It is currently unclear if the common ancestor of Drosophila and vertebrates had one or two Dlx genes. Dlx genes have been widely studied because of their roles in limb development (Panganiban et al. 1997), although they are also involved in many other developmental processes.

Reference(s):
Holland ND et al. (1996) Development 122:2911-2920.
Holland PWH, Booth HAF, Bruford EA (2007) BMC Biology 5:47.
Panganiban G et al. (1997) PNAS 94:5162-5166.
Stock DW et al. (1996) PNAS 93:10858-10863.
 
Families List of Class ANTP :
HOXL subclass
Cdx(3)Evx(2)Gbx(3)Gsx(2)Hox1(3)Hox2(2)Hox3(4)Hox4(4)Hox5(3)Hox6-8(8)
Hox9-13(15)(15)Meox(1)Mnx(2)Pdx(1)       
NKL subclass
Barhl(2)Barx(2)Bsx(1)Dbx(2)Dlx(6)Emx(4)En(2)Hhex(2)Hlx(1)Lbx(1)
Msx(2)Nk1(3)Nk2.1(4)Nk2.2(2)Nk3(3)Nk4(3)Nk5/Hmx(5)Nk6(3)Noto(1)Tlx(3)
Vax(2)Ventx(6)         
 
Loci in Dlx of Frog back to top..
Symbol/LocusNameFamilyOrganismRegulator
dlx1distal-less homeobox 1 DlxFrog 
dlx2distal-less homeobox 2 DlxFrog 
dlx3distal-less homeobox 3DlxFrog 
dlx4distal-less homeobox 4DlxFrog 
dlx5distal-less homeobox 5 DlxFrog 
dlx6distal-less homeobox 6DlxFrog